The Internet of Things (IoT) is heralded by its propo-nents as a true propellant of the next industrial revolu-tion, able to generate considerable gains in efficiency and prompt growth “at an astronomical rate”. The concept of IoT is quite flexible and, to date, it does not enjoy a universally agreed definition. However, the various authors conducting research on the IoT – and the distinct definitions that each of them provides – converge highlighting that the main feature of this phenomenon is the connection of the physical world, composed by all “things,” with the digital world of the Internet.
The IoT can therefore be broadly defined as a network linking uniquely identified physical objects together with electronic networks and software applications en-abling data collection, communication and processing. Device manufacturers and service providers generally hail the evolution towards such interconnection as enabling the rise of “smart technologies” facilitating extensively marketed phenomena such as “Smart Cit-ies”, “Smart Farming” and the “Industry 4.0”, which are based on the widespread data collection and process-ing allowed by the exploitation of IoT systems.